On World Teachers’ Day yesterday, Eurostat released the latest data on the teaching profession in the EU, with women dominating the workforce by a significant margin.
According to the data, in 2019 the teaching staff was predominantly female in all EU countries. The highest proportion of female teachers was recorded in Latvia (87%), followed by Lithuania (85%), Bulgaria (84%), Slovenia and Estonia (83% each).
At the same time, the country with the highest proportion of male teachers was Denmark (38%), followed by Luxembourg (35%), Spain (34%) and Greece (33%).
In 2019, 5.2 million teachers in the EU were employed in primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education. This is an increase of 5% compared to 2013 (5.0 million).
Women made up the majority of this workforce. In 2019, 73% of teachers employed in primary, lower secondary and upper secondary education were women (3.8 million), an increase of 6% compared to 2013 (3.6 million). Meanwhile, the number of male teachers only increased by 2% comparing 2019 to 2013.
In terms of age, in 2019 there were 0.4 million (7% of the total) teachers under the age of 30 in all three levels of education. This number increased by 10% compared to 2013. In the same year, 2 million teachers were aged 50 or over, or 39% of the total (compared to 38% in 2013).
UNESCO FACTSHEET: Factsheet World Teachers’ Day 2021 – UNESCO Digital Library