Buddhism beliefs

What are the 4 Noble Truths of Buddhism? | Buddhist beliefs

End of suffering

Buddhism teaches that a person can end his suffering by suppressing his dangerous desires. This is done by freeing oneself from any form of attachment. The possibility of liberation, nirodha, is the third Noble Truth.

Getting rid of attachment does not just mean giving up foods that people crave or other similar desires. It means quenching all forms of desire, greed and hatred. This includes letting go of the idea that there is a permanent, unchanging Self. People want to believe the misconception that there is an “I” and an “other.” Only when this notion is erased can a person attain liberation and nirvana.

Nirvana means “peace” and refers to the state of mind where a person has managed to detach himself from this world, its illusions and the false notion of Self. Instead, they find truth and peace. Reaching nirvana means that when a person dies they will not be reborn in the cycle of samsara, the cycle of birth, death and rebirth which keeps all living beings trapped in suffering.

What happens after the death of a person who has attained liberation varies among different Buddhist groups. Some groups don’t have a real answer. Others claim that people travel to the Pure Land or that people simply exist in a state of endless peace.