The custom of reincarnation is a very ancient tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. The very first
the embodied lama in the Tibetan reincarnation story was Karmapa Pakshi. It was
recognized as the reincarnation of Karmapa Dusum Kyenpa some eight hundred years
from. From there, the custom of reincarnation spread like fire among the four schools of
This way of selecting Tibetan spiritual leaders has made leadership
smooth and on the whole stable succession and, in most cases, inspired and
inspirational spiritual leadership.
This Lama reincarnation tradition is a very private and personal custom and practice of Buddhist devotees and preachers. This has been a unique bond between Lamas and their followers since the beginning of this tradition.
In Tibetan Buddhism, there are many lamas, tulkus, Rinpoches. And these
individuals were always a reincarnation of their previous forms. Since then, His Holiness the
The Dalai Lama is Tibet’s most sacred spiritual leader, he recognized lamas and tulkus.
Likewise, the masses with their complete beliefs accept these Lamas as their rightful
spiritual guide. Such practice went smoothly and created the whole system stable
until the CCP intervened.
Revisiting the history of Tibetan Buddhism’s reincarnation system, shows many ups
incarnations of lamas or tulkus have spread to different countries that follow Tibetan Buddhism.
The 6th Dalai Lama was born in Tawang.
His Holiness the Jetsun Dampa is considered the third highest lama of the Tibetan Buddhist hierarchy and the spiritual head of the Gelug lineage. He is the Bodg Khan of the Mongol.
And the 9th Jestun Dampa was born as Jampal Namdol Chokyi Gyaltsen near Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet. This indicates the spiritual connection between these two countries. From now on, the 10th Jetsun Dampa was already recognized by His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama. But her identity was kept secret for fear of CCP interference. Some experts claim that the Jetsun Dampa becomes the next potential person who could recognize the next Dalai Lama.
Because from now on the Panchen Lama is not there, Jetsun Dampa will be a very crucial figure in this matter. Many people who understand the unique spiritual relationship between Mongols and Tibetans would consider this fact extremely important. As noted above, the 10th Jetsun Dampa has not been revealed.
China is seen as interference by initiating policies and rules regarding
the reincarnation of Lamas. In 2007, it passed a National Legislation Act with
relates to reincarnation. The law basically excludes any foreign organization or
individuals from the reincarnation selection process, evidently in an attempt to
legitimize China’s authority and exclude the Tibetan diaspora on this issue.
Individuals are now required to submit a “Reincarnation Application” to
government approval. According to the new law, the next Dalai Lama must be based on a combination of not only historical rules, but also current Chinese laws. China has always stated that any reincarnation must be determined based on the late 18th century procedure instituted by the Qing Manchu rulers. In 2011, new prescriptions were
introduces who stationed party functionaries in monasteries for
Tibetans who have been spiritually connected to His Holiness since ancient times
conclude that China’s claim is baseless and unreasonable. His Holiness himself said that apart from
to consider the legitimate methods of the higher Lamas and to follow the ancient
traditions of selection of the Dalai Lama, no acknowledgment and acceptance should be given to
any candidate chosen for political purposes by anyone, including those in the People’s Assembly
Republic of China.
His Holiness further gave a concrete explanation on how reincarnation is a
phenomenon that should take place either by the voluntary choice of the
person concerned or at least on the basis of his karma, his merits and his prayers.
Therefore, the reincarnating person has sole legitimate authority over where and
how he or she is reborn and how this reincarnation is to be recognized. However, for Tibetans and believers of Tibetan Buddhism, His Holiness is their ultimate spiritual guide, so any outside interference means nothing.