Buddhism was founded by Lord Buddha around the 6th century BC. It started in India but is now practiced by many countries including Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Nepal, Tibet, China and Japan. It is said that the Buddha was born under the name of Siddhartha Gautama in the royal family of a small kingdom of Lumbini on the Indo-Nepalese border. Despite a privileged upbringing, he was kicked out of his sheltered life after realizing the harsh realities of life i.e. old age, disease and death. These things made him think about the meaning of life and one night he left his palace and all the comforts to seek answers to his questions.
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He attained “enlightenment” after several days of meditation under a Bodhi tree in Magadh (now Bihar) and became Buddha, which means “awakened” or “awakened”. After becoming the Buddha, he realized that all people have the ability to unfold their potential and some only need a little help to do so. Therefore, he decided to help people grow towards enlightenment through his teachings.
The first sermon given by Buddha is known as the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta which means “To turn the wheel of Dhamma”. The eight spokes of the wheel represent righteous sight, righteous thought, righteous speech, righteous deed, righteous livelihood, righteous effort, mindfulness, and righteous concentration. Buddha gave the first teachings to five ascetics who became his first disciples.
What does Buddhism teach?
The teachings of Buddhism see life as a process of constant change, which means that one can change for the better. It emphasizes how to live a happy and peaceful life. It’s not about learning weird beliefs from distant lands, but teaching us to look at and think about our own lives. He shows us how to understand ourselves and deal with our daily problems in a righteous way. Buddhism has developed many methods of controlling one’s mind and one of the most important and effective ways to do this is through meditation. It is a way to develop more positive states of mind characterized by calm, focus, awareness and emotions.
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