Gambling has been around in India for longer than most people realize. The history of the game is written in one of the famous Indian books, the Ramayana, which is believed by most people to be from 7300 BC. Ramayana describes failures Games and the game with dice for both game boards.
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The gambling board in India is called Aksa, but other references know it as devana. You may have heard gamblers say, “I lost my shirt” at gambling dens or casinos. It’s an old saying to show a defeated player compared to a tree stripped of its fruit. The attitude towards gambling in the Ramayana is different, and people talk about it casually, but not prohibited, tolerated or tabooed.
In one of India’s most famous Sanskrits, Shakuni tricked Yudhishthira in a game of dice to win the kingdom and wealth. Subsequently, he reduced his wife and brother to servitude. Later, another set of dice was called for when the argument escalated.
The first gaming devices in India
Indians used to play with nuts obtained from the Vibhitaka tree during old age, according to most Buddhist texts at the beginning of 300 BC. After a while, the astragalus replaced the long-used dice, giving rise to an interesting game: Passa. In addition to dice games in gambling, the Indians began to gamble on animals.
The game started with ram fights; then it evolved into cockfighting. Over time, horse racing became a part of the game that many Indians enjoyed. According to the story, the Indians play blindly, not knowing that tomorrow will come. Hindu hymns and scriptures warned against this.
Do you want to learn one of the most interesting facts? Europeans are credited with some of the most interesting games and gaming devices. What most people don’t know is that some gambling devices contain Indian signs and symbols. Therefore, Indians had as much of a role to play as anyone else in helping and creating a gambling boom.
The development of gambling houses across India began to increase just as the boom was ripe in the 15th century. The local ordinance heavily controlled the gambling houses to ensure order, and everyone played fairly and won. However, it was not set to benefit the player but to make him voluntarily submit his dues to the king. This is another proof of what the Indians started: gambling tax.
European Laws and Influence on Indian Gambling
Although India has a major role to play in the ancient history of the game, European influence has taken over. At the start of the 17th century, cricket became so popular, and it was high time it was included as a sports betting option. The British brought horses to India in the 18th century to introduce horse racing.
As the game grew very rapidly and uncontrollably, the the government introduced a Public Games Act (1867) that made operating a gambling den illegal. After this year, the introduced law had few modifications and changes like Paplu who declared rummy legal. However, despite some of the gambling law being harsh and weird, gambling is still illegal in India to this day.
Current Gambling Laws in India
Since the first gambling laws were established in India, there has not been a drastic change in the country. Most people regard gambling as a sin or a taboo. Federal law reflects this sentiment. The 7 states of the union and the 29 Indian states have been given the discretion and power to individually decide whether or not to make gambling legal in the respective states.
Therefore, each state has its Legislative Council and the government has the mandate to draft any law regarding different topics. Most Indian states consider gambling sinful and illegal, but they still allow other forms of gambling like horse riding, where people can place bets.
The Public Gambling Act introduced in 1867, 155 years old now, is still in force. This law states that it is illegal to own or operate a gambling den, no matter who you are. If someone is found guilty of violating the standards, they will pay a fine or serve a prison sentence for a specified period. The Public Gambling Act contains a clause which sets out the penalties for a person visiting illegal gambling houses.
This law is applied throughout India, but states such as Sikkim or Maharashtra allow gambling in casinos. Goa is India’s most gambling-friendly state.
Sports betting, especially cricket, is illegal in India. In 2016, the Supreme Court mandated a review of how best to tackle illegal gambling in India. The Law Commission of India in 2018 said it was impossible to stop illegal betting, but it could regulate it.
However, with the growth of technology and internet penetration in India, many people can access most online services, gambling being one of them. Therefore, more people will suffer from gambling related issues since they can gamble online.
Responsible gaming involves best gaming practices and rules being supported and regulated by gaming organizations and national gaming authorities. The main objective is to establish a favorable environment for the game and to protect the players.
Responsible gaming is for gaming organizations and players. The betting organization must provide fair gaming and a safe environment, while players must be aware of the danger of gambling and the addiction that comes with it.