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Independence Day 2022: 25 lesser known facts about India

After being colonized for nearly 200 years, India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947. In preparation for the 75th Independence Day, Indians held celebrations in various ways. While some have changed their social media posting images to the Indian flag, others have brought the tiranga (tricolor – Indian flag) at home.

India prides itself on being the largest democracy in the world. It is also proud of its rich history, culture, diverse traditions, festivals, languages ​​and vacation destinations. Some of the world’s most popular scientists, artists and sportsmen also belong to India. Ahead of the 75th Independence Day, learn 25 lesser-known facts about India.

Independence Day 2022: 25 lesser known facts about India

1. Rinchen Café, the highest cafe in the world, is in India

According to India time, Ladakh’s Rinchen Café is the highest cafe in the world. Located at an elevation of 18,360 feet above sea level, the restaurant is run and maintained by the Indian Army and serves mountain staples like maggi, momos and tea.

2. The highest motorable road in the world is in India

In December 2021, Union Defense Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the world’s highest motorable road in Ladakh. According Hindustan time, the Chisumle-Demchok to Umling La Pass road was constructed at a height of over 19,000 feet above sea level and stretches for 52 km. Interestingly, the height of this route is higher than the base camps of Mount Everest, which has an elevation of 17,598 feet.

3. India is home to the only floating post office in the world

The famous Dal Lake of Kashmir has a floating post office, which is the only floating post office in the world. The post office is located amidst scenic snow-capped mountains and is more than two centuries old after being established during British times. To this day, the post office distributes letters and couriers.

4. The Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in the world

At 182 meters (597 feet), the Statue of Unity is the tallest statue in the world. Depicting Indian independence activist Vallabhbhai Patel, the statue was unveiled by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2018. The Statue of Unity is 177 feet taller than the former record holder, the Temple of Spring Buddha in the Chinese province of Henan.

5. Komic, the highest village in Asia, is in India

Nestled at an elevation of 18,000 feet above sea level, Komic in the Spiti Valley of Himachal Pradesh is the highest village in Asia, according to the India time. Besides its beautiful valleys and snow-capped mountains, Komic is also known for its 14th-century Lundup Tsemo Gompa Buddhist Monastery, which is the highest motorized Buddhist monastery in the world.

6. Chenab Bridge is the highest railway bridge in the world

The Chenab Bridge, 1.3 kilometers long and built 359 meters above the bed of the Chenab River, is the highest railway bridge in the world. To give you a better idea of ​​the height of the bridge, it is 35 meters taller than the Eiffel Tower in France. Constructed under the Udhampur-Srinagar-Baramulla Railway Link project, the Chenab Bridge aims to boost connectivity in Kashmir.

7. India is home to the highest tea plantation in the world

Kolukkumalai Tea Estate, which lies 35 km from Munnar in Kerala, is the highest tea estate in the world, according to India time. Situated at a height of 7,130 feet above sea level, the tea estate produces about 12 tons of tea per month on average and spans over 1,000 acres of land.

8. Mawsynram is the wettest inhabited place in the world

Mawsynram in Meghalaya is the wettest place in the world with an annual rainfall of 11,802.4 millimeters. Most recently in June, Mawsynram recorded 1003.6mm of rainfall in 24 hours, the highest ever recorded in a single day in June.

9. Snakes and Ladders was born in India

Snakes and Ladders, a now world famous board game that originated in ancient India as Mokshapat or Moksha Patamu, by India time. The name of the game’s inventor is not known, but it is believed to have been played from the 2nd century BC. Some reports suggest that the game was invented by Saint Gyandev, but there is no evidence for the same.

10. Chess was invented in India

Another game whose origin is known in India is chess. The game is derived from the Persian game shatranj, derived from the Indian game chaturanga, which dates back to the 6th century. Chaturanga was played on an 8×8 grid with pieces similar to today’s chess.

11. India was the world’s largest source of diamonds

India was the only diamond producer until the 17th century, according to the Geological Survey of India retired director PK Sinha. According India.comIndian diamonds were sold in Venice and other European trading centers in the 1400s.

12. Sanskrit is the oldest language in the world

The oldest language in the world, according to India time and other reports, is Sanskrit. India celebrates August 12 as Sanskrit Day to promote the preservation of the language. In some parts of the country, lectures on the origin and importance of Sanskrit are given on Sanskrit divas.

13. India takes its name from the Indus River

The Indus River, also known as Sindhu, is one of the longest rivers in the world and is known to be the inspiration behind India’s name. Síndhu, in old Persian, translated into Hindu. Later in 1950, Bharat was chosen as an alternate name for India.

14. India has no national language

Hindi is widely confused with the national language of India. Hindi has been declared an official language in the constitution, but not a national language. The country has never had an official national language as India is home to thousands of languages, and nationalizing just one of them would be unfair to the others.

15. 121 major languages ​​are spoken in India

According to 2001 India census, India, at that time, had 122 major languages ​​and 1599 other languages. According to the 2018 census, more than 19,500 languages ​​or dialects are spoken in India as native languages, along with 121 major languages.

16. Indian cinema is the largest film industry in the world

According BBC and several other reports, Indian cinema is the largest film industry in the world in terms of the number of films produced each year. In 2019, no less than 2,446 feature films were produced by Indian cinema, which is made up of various linguistic film industries like Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali and others.

17. The Bandra Worli Sea Link weighs up to 56,000 African Elephants

Mumbai’s Bandra Worli Sea Link is one of the most remarkable sea links in the world. According India.com, the Sea Link, which was built with 90,000 tons of cement, weighs up to 56,000 African elephants. Moreover, all the steel cables of the Bandra Worli Sea Link together would be as long as the circumference of the Earth.

18. India’s first rocket launch was carried out by bicycle

According India today, rocket components for India’s maiden rocket launch were cycled to the launch site – Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala – in 1963. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai had targeted a church in Thiruvananthapuram as a potential launch site. The church was turned into a kind of space center and the rocket was assembled there. Today the church is known as the Vikram Sarabhai Space Center.

19. India discovered water on the surface of the moon

The first discovery of water on the surface of the moon was made by India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission using NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper instrument. The discovery was made in September 2009.

20. Only one unit in India has license to manufacture and supply Indian Flag

The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS), a manufacturing unit located in the village of Garag near the city of Dharwad, is the only unit in India which has the license to manufacture and supply the Indian flag. Over 100 weavers are employed in making the flags. According India today, the KKGSS must conform to the manufacturing standards set by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). All flags are sent to the BIS Board of Directors for approval.

21. India is the world’s largest producer of vaccines

According to the Times of India, India produces nearly 60% of the world’s vaccines, making it the largest vaccine producer in the world. India is also home to the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer, the Serum Institute of India, located in Pune.

22. India is the world’s largest producer of spices

According to several reports, India produces 70% of the world’s spices. Some of the most widely produced spices in India are cumin, cinnamon, turmeric, pepper, and coriander powder. The Indians not only use the spice as a food ingredient but also in several home remedies to treat coughs, burns, skin irregularities and much more.

23. India has the largest population of tigers in the world

According Perspectives India, 70% of the world’s tiger population is found in India. According to All India Tigers Estimate Report 2018the country’s tiger population has increased from 1,411 in 2006 to 2,967 in 2019.

24. Home to the world’s largest cricket stadium

Cricket is a religion in India, it is no surprise that it is home to the largest cricket stadium in the world. Narendra Modi Stadium in Ahmedabad is the largest cricket stadium in the world with a seating capacity of 1,32,000. Interestingly, the highest cricket stadium is also in India, according to India time. Chail Cricket Ground in Chail, Himachal Pradesh is the highest cricket ground in the world at a height of nearly 8,000 feet above sea level. The ground was established in 1893 by Bhupinder Singh Maharaja of Patiala.

25. IPL is the second most lucrative league in the world

Apart from being one of the most watched sporting tournaments in the world, the Indian Premier League is also the second most lucrative league in the world, according to Forbes. The media rights for the 2022-2027 IPL cycle have been sold for a whopping Rs 48,000 crore and each game in the cash-rich tournament is worth $15.1 million (Rs 117 crore). It is only second to the National Football League (NFL), which earns $36 million (Rs 281 crore) per game.