CNN Editorial Research
Here is a glimpse into the life of Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India.
Date of Birth: September 17, 1950
Place of birth: Vadnagar, Gujarat, India
Birth name: Narendra Damodardas Modi
Dad: Damodardas Modi
Mother: Hiraba “Heeraben” Modi
Wedding: Jashodaben (Chimanlal) Modi (1968–present, split)
Education: University of Delhi, BA, 1978; University of Gujarat, MA, 1983
Left home in his late teens to travel to India, stay in ashrams and wander the Himalayas.
First prime minister born in independent India.
October 3, 1972 – Joined the Hindu nationalist organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
June 1975 – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi imposes a period of emergency as she faces a political crisis. Civil liberties are restricted, the media is censored and protesters are arrested. Modi is involved in the movement to restore these rights.
1987 – Enters mainstream politics and joins Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as Secretary of Gujarat Unity Organization in West India.
October 3, 1995 – Becomes the National Secretary of the BJP.
January 5, 1998 – Is promoted to National General Secretary of the BJP.
October 2001 – Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee appoints Modi chief minister of Gujarat.
February 2002 – At least 58 people die in a fire aboard a train carrying Hindu pilgrims. The train had briefly stopped at a station in Gujarat where the local population was predominantly Muslim. The Gujarat government would later discover that the fire was started intentionally, as part of a pre-planned attack, and that those responsible were Muslims. Riots break out in the days following the fire and Modi is accused of condoning the violent protests which kill around 1,000 people, mostly Muslims.
2005 – The United States refuses to issue a diplomatic visa to Modi for his alleged role in the 2002 riots.
June 2013 – Modi is chosen as leader of the BJP and campaigns for the 2014 general elections.
May 20, 2014 – The BJP wins the general elections and Modi is appointed Prime Minister.
May 26, 2014 – Sworn in as Prime Minister.
September 27-30, 2014 – Modi makes his first visit to the United States as Prime Minister and meets President Barack Obama.
December 8, 2014 – Modi wins Time magazine’s Reader of the Year poll.
January 25-27, 2015 – Obama becomes the first sitting US president to visit India twice. During the three-day visit, Obama and Modi are negotiating a civilian nuclear deal, a 10-year defense cooperation agreement between the two countries.
December 25, 2015 – Modi travels to Pakistan and meets Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. It is the first time that an Indian Prime Minister has visited Pakistan for almost 12 years.
June 8, 2016 – Addressing a joint session of the US Congress, Modi talks about the continued growth of US-India relations.
June 26, 2017 – Meeting with US President Donald Trump for the first time at the White House.
July 4, 2017 – Becomes the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Israel, arriving in Tel Aviv as part of a three-day visit to mark 25 years of diplomatic relations between India and Israel.
August 15, 2018 – During his Independence Day address to the nation, Modi announces that India will launch its first manned space mission by 2022.
May 23, 2019 – In a landslide victory, the BJP wins 303 seats in the general election.
May 30, 2019 – Sworn in for a second term as Indian Prime Minister.
August 5, 2019 – Tensions between India and Pakistan are rising after Modi announced that India would revoke a constitutional provision giving the state of Jammu and Kashmir autonomy to set its own laws. Following the announcement, widespread communication breakdowns are reported in the Muslim-majority region.
August 8, 2019 – Modi delivers a televised address in which he says revoking Kashmir’s autonomy status will promote stability, reduce corruption and boost the economy. Pakistan’s foreign minister said the country would remain vigilant, but no military options are being considered. The United Nations issues a statement calling on both countries to resolve the issue peacefully while respecting human rights in the region.
December 11, 2019 – Parliament passes a controversial bill that will fast-track citizenship for religious minorities including Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Opposition parties say the bill is unconstitutional because it bases citizenship on a person’s religion and would further marginalize India’s Muslim community. Modi expresses his support for the measure via Twitter, saying, “This bill will alleviate the suffering of many people who have been persecuted for years.
December 19, 2019 – Deadly protests erupt in at least 15 cities against the citizenship law, despite a ban on public gatherings in several areas. At least three people died amid the violence, as thousands took part in protests.
December 22, 2019 – Modi delivers a speech denouncing the protests. “You’ve seen how these people defend their own interests,” he says. “The statements made, the fake videos, the incitement, the people sitting at a high level committed the crime of causing confusion and fire by spreading it on social media.”
September 3, 2020 – Modi’s Twitter account appears to have been hacked, prompting an investigation by the social media company. The account, which has 2.5 million followers, is one of a handful of verified accounts linked to the prime minister. The apparent hack comes more than a month after a massive hack compromised some of the platform’s most important accounts – including those linked to Obama, Joe Biden and Elon Musk.
July 7, 2021 – Modi is firing 12 members of his cabinet, including federal health and law ministers, as he faces heavy criticism over the government’s alleged mishandling of the coronavirus pandemic.
November 19, 2021 – Modi says he would repeal three controversial farm laws that have sparked more than a year of protests, in a rare apparent descent ahead of crucial state elections.
December 12, 2021 – Modi’s Twitter account was “very briefly compromised”, according to his office, when a tweet was sent from the Indian Prime Minister’s account saying his country had adopted Bitcoin and would distribute the cryptocurrency.
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