Buddhism teaching

Buddha Purnima 2021: Teachings of Buddha

Buddha Purnima 2021: It is one of the main festivals celebrated during the month of Vaishak and marks the anniversary of the birth of Siddhartha Gautama. He later became known as Lord Buddha. He believed that on this day he attained enlightenment. Buddha Purnima falls on a full moon night mainly between April and May. This year it is observed on May 26.

Buddhism was atheistic in nature and was accompanied by cosmic ascents and falls. He never questioned the existence of God but believes that there is no such thing as a supernatural of various forms. That is, Buddhists do not believe in a personal god. They believe that nothing is fixed or permanent and that change is always possible. The path to Enlightenment is through the practice and development of morality, meditation, and wisdom.

Gautam Buddha

1. He was born in Lumbini near Kapilavastu who is now in Nepal.

2. It belongs to the Sakya Clan. Suddodhana was his father and Mayadevi was a mother.

3. Prajapati Gautami was his adoptive mother who raised him after his mother’s death.

4. He got married Yasodhara at the age of 16 years. Rahul was his son.

5. Three incidents forced him to withdraw from worldly life. That is to say an old man; a sick man; a dead body; and an ascetic.

6. He left home in search of “the Truth” at the age of twenty-nine, but his seven years of wandering had not yielded fruitful results.

7. At the age of 35, he obtained enlightenment under a ‘Bodhi tree ‘ after an intense penance that called ‘Nirvana‘.

8. He delivered his first sermon at Sarnath.

9. He died at Kushinagar when he was eighty.

ten. Sariputta, Moggallanna, Ananda, Kassapa and Upali were the disciples of Buddha.

11. Prasenjit of Kosala, Bimbisara and Ajatasatru of Magadha accepted Jainism.

Buddhist mudras, hand gestures and their meaning

Buddha’s teachings

Buddhism was essentially a congregational religion, and the reason for human misery is ignorance – a kind of cosmic ignorance that leads to the illusion of individuality.

1. Four noble truths of Buddha: The world is full of suffering; desire causes suffering; get rid of desire; suffering will be removed; The Eightfold Path will help overcome desire.

2. Eightfold path consists of good eyesight, good resolution, good speech, good behavior, good livelihood, good effort, good attention and good concentration.

3. The condition of humans in their life depends on their own actions. Thus, he advocates the law of karma.

4. He insisted a lot on the practical code of ethics and the principle of social equality.

Spread of Buddhism

1. The monks (Bhikshus) and Lay worshipers (Upasikas) were two types of disciples of Buddha.

2. Sariputta, Moggallana and Ananda were important monks of Buddhism.

3. The Mauryan Emperor Asoka embraced Buddhism after the death of Buddha.

Buddhist Council

1. First Buddhist Council maintained at Rajgir immediately after the death of Buddha chaired by Mahakasapa in order to maintain the purity of the teaching of Buddha.

2. The second Buddhist Council was held in Vaishali.

3. Third Council took place at Patliputra under the patronage of Asoka and chaired by Moggaliputta Tissa. the final version of Tripitaka was completed in this board.

4. Fourth Council took place at Cashmere by Kanishka under the chairmanship of Vasumitra. Mahayana Buddhism originated in this board.

After the Fourth Buddhist Council, other small Buddhist councils were held.

Reason for the decline of Buddhism

1. The renewal of Brahmanism and the rise of bhagavatism leads to a decline in popularity.

2. The birth of the Mahayana started idol worship which was not propagated by Buddha, which deteriorated the moral standards of Buddhism.

3. Invasion of Huns (5e & 6e century) and Turkish (12e century) resulting from the massive destruction of monasteries.

Contribution of Buddhism to Indian culture

1. The Ahimsa concept has become one of the values ​​dear to our nation.

2. The architectural concept of stupas, monasteries, chaityas and viharas was not able. For example- Stupas of Sanchi, Bharhut and Gaya.

3. Promotion of education through residential universities such as Nalanda, Taxila, and Vikramshila.

4. Development of languages ​​like Pali and Prakrit

Summary on Jainism: Teaching of Mahavira | Spread of Jainism

Important days and dates in May 2021